Maranhão, Brazil. Maranhão also has a hydroelectric plant (Estreito Hydroelectric Plant), a wind farm (in Lençóis Maranhenses), and other thermal power stations. Renato Moreira Airport is a national airport located in Imperatriz. The Maranhenses sheets have the largest dune field in Brazil, lagoons with crystal clear water and unforgettable sunsets. Mesohabitats found at Lençóis Maranhenses National Park, Maranhão State, Northeast- ern Brazil: A Sand dunes “Morrarias” B Remains of restinga vegetation buried by sand transportation C Freshwater lagoon D “Vargem” E Restinga mosaics in the boundary of sand dunes, including a lagoon F Restinga mosaics far away from the sand dunes. Maranhão, Brazil. Studies on limnology and phytoplankton communities of interdunal pools and a few permanent lakes in the area were carried out by Moschini-Carlos et al. The rivers of the state all flow northward to the Atlantic and a majority of them have navigable channels. The Lençóis Maranhenses National Park (Parque Nacional dos Lençóis Maranhenses) is located in Maranhão state, in northeastern Brazil. Samba and Sway to These Brazilian Songs Compiled By Smithsonian Folkways, too rainy to be officially considered a desert, Trove of 'Ancient Treasures' Found in Shipwreck Off the Coast of Greece, Dinosaur Unearthed in Argentina Could Be Largest Land Animal Ever, Ancient South American Civilizations Bloomed in the Desert Thanks to Seabird Poop, Pablo Escobar's Pooping Hippos Are Polluting Colombia's Lakes, Felines May Use Catnip for More Than Just Euphoria, How the Rugged F4F Wildcat Held the Line During World War II, The 'Last' Female Swinhoe's Softshell Turtle Died in 2019. The first afternoon you can explore the surroundings. The ideal time to visit is between July to November each year. The Lençóis Maranhenses National Park (LNMP) is located in the state of Maranhão in northeastern Brazil. The Alumar Consortium Port transported 13.720 million tons between January and November 2017, mainly alumina.[18]. $21.23 per adult. Beautiful Lagoon Circuit. Lençóis Maranhenses, Maranhão, Brazil. (1998). Photos by J. P. Miranda. But the water world of Lençóis Maranhenses is an ephemeral one: once the dry season returns, the equatorial sun heats the region quickly, causing water levels to drop by as much as three feet in a single month. Two rivers run through the Lençóis Maranhenses—these rivers push sand from the interior of the continent to the Atlantic Ocean, depositing thousands of tons of sediment along Brazil's northern coast. The people of Maranhão have a distinctive accent inside the common Northeastern Brazilian dialect. According to the historian Sven Beckert, the region's cotton exports "doubled between 1770 and 1780, nearly doubled again by 1790, and nearly tripled once more by 1800."[4]. The first known European to explore Maranhão was the Spanish explorer Vicente Yáñez Pinzón in 1500[citation needed], but it was granted to João de Barros in 1534 as a Portuguese hereditary captaincy. Subsequently, Daniel de La Touche, Seigneur de La Rividière was sent to report on the place, and was then commissioned by the French crown to found a colony on the island (Equinoctial France); this was done in 1612. Much of the forest has been cleared for cattle grazing and agriculture, and the Babaçu palm produces edible oil which is extracted commercially. Maranhão up to the Parnaíba river, begining at the coast and advancing towards the continent for around 50 km, influenced by river courses and the sea. [12] The service sector is the largest component of GDP at 70%, followed by the industrial sector at 19.6%. For this achievement Lord Cochrane became 1st Marques of Maranhão and Governor of Maranhão Province. In the late 18th century, there was a great influx of enslaved peoples into the region, which corresponded to the increased cultivation of cotton. From the months of January to June, the area is inundated with torrential rainstorms. São Luís is the Brazilian state capital which most closely resembles a Portuguese city. Maranhão is one of the poorest states of Brazil. Depending on your skills and your individual preferences you can kitesurf in the open sea, or in the calm waters of the Preguiças River and in the inland lagoons of the Lençóis Maranhenses National Park. Rainwater pools in the valleys between the dunes creating thousands of crystal clear lagoons. Agriculture benefits from the infrastructure of railroads (Ferrovia Carajás and Ferrovia Norte-Sul) and ports (Itaqui and Ponta da Madeira) and the proximity to the European and American markets. From Barreirinhas, visitors are taken to the park via Jeeps, which can handle the bumpy terrain (though even the Jeeps have to be carted across a river via barge before they can reach the actual park). At first glance, it looks like a picture-perfect desert—miles and miles of sand with almost no vegetation. - eatrio.net . Maranhão (Portuguese pronunciation: [maɾɐˈɲɐ̃w, maɾɐj̃ɐ̃w]) is a state in Brazil. The etymology of Maranhão is uncertain; the name probably originates from Portuguese settlers from Maranhão in Avis in the province of Alentejo. The colored strips (red, white and black) symbolize the different ethnic groups which make up the population, and their mixing and living together. In July, when the park's lagoons are at their peak, some reach over 300 feet long and ten feet deep. By October, the region's winds begin to pick up, making a trek through the sandy landscape less enjoyable. To visit Lençóis Maranhenses​, it's best to fly into São Luís, the capital of Maranhão. or Some of the lagoons at Lençóis Maranhenses National Park are huge. Urbanization: 68.1% (2004); Population growth: 1.5% (1991–2000); Houses: 1,442,500 (2005). [8], According to the 2010 Brazilian Census, most of the population (74.5%) is Roman Catholic, other religious groups include Protestants or evangelicals (17.2%), Spiritists (0.2%), Nones 6.3%, and people with other religions (1.8).[10][11]. From there, visitors can book tours or take public transportation to the town of Barreirinhas which is located just outside the national park. Between January and November 2017, 153.466 million tons were transported, and it is the national champion in moving loads. This is when the lagoons are at their fullest, ideal for swimming. The most important of them, from an economic point of view, is the babassu. Also a visit of the picturesque fishing villages Travosa and Bethânia is on the program. Maranhão is also known as the land of the palm trees, as the various species of this tree provide its major source of income. Interconnected lagoons link up with neighboring rivers creating channels for fish to enter the temporary pools. And although these lagoons exist for only a few months a year, they are not devoid of life. Lagoa Bonita and Lagoa Azul are near the town of Barreirinhas. My first stop on the trip took me to North East Brazil so that I could see Lençóis Maranhenses, a national park filled with sand dunes and lagoons. A total of 3064 species of Angiosperm are attributed to Maranhão state, ranking as 19th in floristic richness amonst the states of Brazil … But it's not a desert—Lençóis Maranhenses gets about 47 inches of rain each year, making it too rainy to be officially considered a desert (which get less than ten inches a year). The north-central and northeastern portion of the state, extending eastward into northern Piauí, is home to the Maranhão Babaçu forests, a degraded tropical moist forest ecoregion dominated by the Babaçu palm. Maranhão, Brazil, South America - K3N674 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. The word was first used to refer to the Amazon River. The population density was 18.6 inhabitants/km2. The Tocantins-Araguaia-Maranhão moist forests occupy the northwestern portion of the state, extending from the Pindaré River west into neighboring Pará state. The northern portion of the state is a heavily forested plain traversed by numerous rivers, occupied by the eastern extension of the tropical moist forests of Amazonia. Stretching on for miles upon miles, the sand dunes in Brazil's Lençóis Maranhenses National Park are so vast and so blindingly white that it's easy to see how the park got its name—Lençóis Maranhenses, in Portuguese, literally means "bedsheets of Maranhão," the northeastern coastal state where the national park is found. Located in the country's Northeast Region, it has a population of about 7 million and an area of 332,000 km2 (128,000 sq mi). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, Marechal Cunha Machado International Airport, "IBGE :: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística", "Radar IDHM: evolução do IDHM e de seus índices componentes no período de 2012 a 2017", "Genetic characterization of the population of São Luís, MA, Brazil", "Estimativas da população residente nos municípios brasileiros com data de referência em 1º de julho de 2011", «Análise dos Resultados/IBGE Censo Demográfico 2010: Características gerais da população, religião e pessoas com deficiência», "Maranhão conquista o maior índice vacinal contra febre aftosa do...", "Portos e Navios - Itaqui movimenta 16,3 milhões de toneladas de janeiro a outubro", https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maranh%C3%A3o_(Avis), Relação Sumária das Cousas do Maranhão, by Simão Estácio da Silveira, History of the Commerce of Maranhão (1612 - 1895), by Jerônimo de Viveiros, Revista do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro, 1909, Tomo LXXII - Parte I, Chronicle of the Jesuits in Maranhão, by João Felipe Bettendorf, Historical geographical dictionary of Maranhão, by César Marques, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maranhão&oldid=993813546, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing translation from Portuguese Wikipedia, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The best time to visit the lagoons is between July and September when they are at their most full and temperatures aren't too hot. $13.55 per adult. Télécharger cette image : Crystal-clear Lagoon dans le désert de Lençóis Maranhenses, Maranhão, Brésil, Amérique du Sud - X0GY1N depuis la bibliothèque d’Alamy parmi des millions de photos, illustrations et vecteurs en haute résolution. The southern portion of the state belong to the lower terraces of the great Brazilian Highlands, occupied by the Cerrado savannas. Protected on June 2, 1981, the 155,000 ha (380,000-acre) park includes 70 km (43 mi) of coastline, and an interior composed of rolling sand dunes. Like the Amazon, the Mearim has a pororoca or tidal bore in its lower channel, which greatly interferes with navigation. Getting to Santo Amaro do Maranhão. Maranhão is the fourth-largest economy in the Northeast region and the 17th-largest in Brazil. Blue Lagoon Trail . Privacy Statement [6], The last PNAD (National Research for Sample of Domiciles) census revealed the following numbers: 4,271,000 Brown (Multiracial) people (66.74%), 1,636,000 White people (25.57%), 410,000 Black people (6.41%), 43,000 Asian people (0.67%), 39,000 Amerindian people (0.60%). Blue Lagoon Circuit. The western coastline has many small indentations, which are usually masked by islands or shoals. Lors de mon voyage au Brésil, de passage dans la région du Nordeste, il me tenait à cœur de visiter le Parc Lençois Maranhenses (littéralement « les draps du Maranhão »). The state has 3.4% of the Brazilian population and produces only 1.3% of the Brazilian GDP. Advertising Notice Five lagoon systems and smaller pools were studied. 18 reviews. Photo about Sand dunes and freshwater lagoons found in the Lençóis Maranhenses National Park. The coastline east of Baía de São José is less indented and characterized by sand dunes, including the stark dune fields of the Lençóis Maranhenses National Park, as well as restinga forests that form on stabilized dunes. Image of park, sand, flooded - 79796147 Maranhão is described in books such as The Land of the Palm Trees by Gonçalves Dias and Casa de Pensão by Aluísio Azevedo. Maranhão, Brazil. I am back from my trip and things are really well. The French were expelled by the Portuguese in 1615, and the Dutch held the island from 1641 to 1644. It includes a set of dunes and lagoons covering an area of 1550 km2. Going clockwise from the north, it borders on the Atlantic Ocean and the states of Piauí, Tocantins and Pará. #Repost @macflyaway • • • • • • Maranese Sheets - MA Len çois Maranhens National Park is located in the Maranhao region of northern Brazil . This indented shoreline is home to the Maranhão mangroves, the tallest mangrove forests in the world. Keep up-to-date on: © 2021 Smithsonian Magazine. Sand dunes and freshwater lagoons found in the Lençóis Maranhenses National Park. This article is about the state in Brazil. Maranhão did not join in the Brazilian declaration of independence of 1822, but in the following year the Portuguese were driven out by British sailor and liberator Admiral Lord Cochrane and it became part of the Empire of Brazil. This itinerary consists is an ecological adventure that brings all the richness and essence of the fantastic Lençóis Maranhenses Experience. Other fish, like the wolffish, spend the dry season dormant, burrowed far enough under the sand to reach still-damp mud. 17 août 2014 - Cette épingle a été découverte par ayda bennani smires. The flag has a ratio of 2:3. [15], The state also produces natural gas in the Parnaíba basin, with a production of 8.4 million m3 per day, used in thermal power stations. The largest of these are the Baía de Turiassu, facing which is São João Island, and the contiguous bays of São Marcos and São José, between which is the large island of São Luís. This is between June and August. Now, Researchers Found Another, Renewing Hope for the Species, The Little-Known Story of Queen Victoria's Black Goddaughter, Archaeologists Unearth Egyptian Queen's Tomb, 13-Foot 'Book of the Dead' Scroll, For the First Time in 200 Years, a New Blue Pigment Is Up for Sale, Archaeologists Identify Famed Fort Where Indigenous Tlingits Fought Russian Forces, Monument to Coretta Scott and MLK Is Coming to Boston, City Where They Met, Meet Joseph Rainey, the First Black Congressman, The State of American Craft Has Never Been Stronger. And freshwater lagoons found in the NE of the Palm Trees by Gonçalves Dias and Casa de Pensão by Azevedo... 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